pedestrian traffic studies have been done in Macroscopic
- Aggregation of pedestrian movements into flow, average speed and
- Not suitable for detail design
- Control only using space allocation: Assume that wider space is
always needed if the flow of pedestrians increases (to maintain the
same level of service).
In contrast, Microscopic
pedestrian study has more has more general usage and considers detail
- Each pedestrian is treated as an individual agent which occupied
a certain space in certain time.
- Consider the interaction between pedestrians
- Well suited for prediction of pedestrian flow performance in pedestrian
areas or building with some objects that reduce the effective width
of it (e.g. pedestrian areas or buildings with some street furniture
such as kiosk, benches, seating, telephones, fountain, etc.).
- Control using time, space and direction.
Back to Pedestrian Research
Page, or Microscopic Pedestrian Page
© copy right 2002 by Kardi
Teknomo. All right reserved.
Reference: this page is taken from:
Kardi Teknomo, Microscopic
Pedestrian Flow Characteristics: Development of an Image Processing
Data Collection and Simulation Model, Ph.D. Dissertation, Tohoku
University Japan, Sendai, 2002