By Kardi Teknomo, PhD .

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Vector Outer Product

Vector outer product is denoted by Outer Product or Outer Product . Vector outer product is also called vector matrix product because the result of the vector multiplication is a matrix. It can only be performed for two vectors of any size, not necessarily the same size.

Algebraically, the vector outer product is a multiplication of a column vector by a row vector Outer Product to obtain a matrix provided by the formula below
Outer Product
Suppose we have Outer Product and Outer Product , the vector outer products are
Outer Product
Outer Product

Try to experiment with the interactive program below. Given two vectors, not necessarily at the same dimension, the program will produce the matrix outer product. If you click "Random Example" button, the program will generate random input vectors in the right format.

vector x vector y


Some important properties of vector outer product are

  • Vector outer product is a not commutative operation. If you reverse the order you will get different result and even different size Outer Product .
  • If matrix is the results of a vector product Outer Product then multiplication of that matrix with the second factor produces a vector of the first factor scaled by the square norm of the second factor Outer Product .

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